Olde English Bulldogge Information

Click here to edit subtitle

Under Construction

The First Questions you should ask when deciding to breed is this... "Should you breed?" and "Does My dog fit the standard in form and health?"

The next thing you should do is learn about your dog inside and out.

Dog anatomy

http://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/ClientED/anatomy/
http://www.pedigreedpups.com/dog-anatomy.html
Olde English Bulldogge Standard broken down
http://apbtnetwork.com/
Genotype vs Phenotype



Congenital defects of the bulldog:

  • Anasarca
    • Generalized subcutaneous edema and fluid in abdominal and thoracic cavities
    • Sometimes accompanied by cleft palate.
    • Puppies are born with edematous bodies or limbs.  Must be delivered by caesarean
  • Arrested uterine development
  • Arteriovenous fistula
    • Communication between an artery and a vein
  • Brachury
    • Short tail
  • Canine lymphoma
  • Cherry eye
  • Clefts of lip and palate
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones.
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved.
  • Cranial bifida
  • Cutaneous mast cell tumors
  • Deafness
  • Demodectic mange
  • Distichiasis
    • Abnormal row of eyelashes
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling lid.
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Elongated soft palate is common
  • Entropion
    • Lower lid, medial canthus, lateral canthus
  • Extra incisor
  • Flaccid shoulder joints
  • Follicular conjunctivitis
    •    Round and pinkish bodies in the retrotarsal fold
  • Haws
    • Orbital gland hypertrophy
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII, or AHF
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hereditary abnormal dentition
    • Presence of one extra incisor
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness.
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation and on the secondary degenerative joint disease
  • Hydrocephalus
    • Several recessive genes
    • Dilation of ventricles of brain with increased cerebrospinal fluid pressure.
  • Hypoplasia of trachea
    • Small, rigid cartilaginous rings with free ends in apposition
    • Cough, abnormal respiratory sounds, dyspnea and decreased exercise tolerance in first 2 months of life.
    • Cannot be surgically removed.
    • Hypothyroidism
  • Keratitis sicca
    • Dry cornea due to inefficient lacrimal secretion
  • Mitral valve defects
  • Muzzle pyoderma
    • Localized infectious dermatitis
  • Oligodendroglioma
    • Tumor of CNS
  • Open urethra
  • Oversize palpebral fissure
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Predisposition to dystocia
    • Anatomical peculiarities
    • Fetal death or nervousness of the dam.
  • Prolapsed male urethra
  • Pulmonic stenosis
    • Narrow pulmonary artery at its origin
  • Pyloric stenosis
    • Hypertrophic obstruction of the pyloric office of the stomach
  • Redundant forehead skin
  • Reflex regurgitation
  • Schistosomus reflexes
  • Short skull
  • Spina bifida
    • Ununited neural arches
    • May result in herniation of meninges and/or cord (spina bifida manifesta) or may not  (spina bifida occulta)
    • Hemivertebra
    • Asymetric , abnormal development of vertebrae which may result in neonatal death or cord compression in older puppies.
    • Affected vertebrae become wedge-shaped due to underdevelopment of one half, resulting in scoliosis or kinked tails and crowding of ribs  if in the thoracic area.
  • Stenotic nares
  • Swimmers
    • Characterized by inability to stand at 4-6 weeks of age and flattened chest.
  • Vaginal hyperplasia
  • Wrinkle dermatitis
  • Wry jaw


Heat Cycles

http://vetmedicine.about.com/od/pregnancybirthindogs/f/k9_estrus.htm
http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/breedingheat.htm

Breeding

http://leerburg.com/breedingdogs.htm
http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/breedingtie.htm

Gestation

Canine Pregnancy Calendar
http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/breedingpregnancyguide.htm
Whelping calendar

Signs of labor

http://www.dailypuppy.com/articles/how-to-tell-if-your-dog-is-in-labor-the-signs_1313.html
http://www.ehow.com/how_5062145_tell-dog-labor-signs.html
http://www.askabreeder.com/Top_10_Signs_Of_Dog_Labor
**  I have also noticed one more sign of Labor in my females that are not covered here.  Sometime with in 48 hours of delivering I have noticed you can tell when the puppies have dropped. When puppies drop getting ready to enter the birth cannal, right up by the spine and before the hips a hollow bowl forms.  You can see that the pups are no longer tucked up aginst the spin of the female.  Sometimes it is subtle, so if your not looking for it you will miss it.

Supply list

http://ezwhelp.com/BuyWhelpingSupplies.htm
http://www.whelpwise.com/testing/whelping-supply-list.html
http://www.phi-vestavia.com/whelplist.htm
1. Paper towel - cleaning
2. Dyne water - give in Dam's water, or to pups for energy and calories
3. tissues - cleaning
4. Tums - A few days after birth give one a day to Dam
5. KY jelly - for checking possition of pups
*** not seen here are a box of exam gloves ***
6. Air freshiner
7. Odoban cleaner - for the whelping box.
8. Ribbon - for puppy identification.
9. Nursemate - Energy boost for newborn or weak pups.
10. Kitty litter - use in gallon bag and place over heating pad to better distribute heat evenly in puppy box while dam is in labor or needs to be seperated from pups for some reason.
11. Towels and washcloths - to clean pups and mom during birth.
12. Alcohol - Cleaning
13. Bedadine/water solution - Cleaning the umbilical cord and Dam
14. Unwaxed floss - tieing umbilical cord if to short or bleeding
15. petrolium jelly - stick under pups tails to encourage mom to keep pups clean.

16. foreps/sergical scissors - clamp umbilical cord for 10 seconds then cut on side of placenta.
17. suction bulb - use to clear throat and nose of pups after birth.  Can also be used to clear airways if pups asperate milk, or get a little cold too.
18. pure betadine - disinfect
19. bowl/container with towel for comfort to set pups in for weight checks.
20. Good Digital scale to keep track of puppy growth.
Puppy information sheets.
Have everything you need excessible!
At lease a 4 foot X 4 foot whelping box.  Use puppy rails about 4 inches up the side to lower squishing possability.  2 foot Walls and a door to lock mom and pups in.  Use a basket or box to the side of the whelping box with a heat pad on 1 side with the kitty litter filled gallon bag on top to distribute heat evenly.  Do this so that if pups get to hot, they can move to the non heated side.  Cover the botton with soft blankets or towels.  Moving pups out of the box and into the basket gives mom room to labor and get comfortable to push the next one out.  You can put them back with mommy during the lulls between pups.  Nursing stimulates labor.  So puting pups back will help keep moving things along.
Whelping

http://ezwhelp.com/Whelping_Forms/Whelping_Chart.pdf

http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/whelping.htm
http://www.petmd.com/dog/puppycenter/health/evr_dg_whelping_new_puppies_on_the_way#.UW-ZYrWsiSo
Video of 6 (final count was 9)OEB pups born at Timpanogos Bulldogges May 2012
http://www.hilltopanimalhospital.com/whelping1.htm
Cutting the cord
Suction
Swinging: 
Newborn puppies may aspirate fluid into the lungs, as evidenced by a raspy noise during respiration aka breathing.
  This fluid can be removed by the following procedure.  First, the puppy should be held in the palm of your hand. The puppy's face should be cradled between the first two fingers.  The head should be held firmly with this hand, and the body should be held firmly with the other.  Next, a downward swing motion with the hands should make the puppy gasp.  Gravity will help the fluid and mucus to flow out of the lungs.  This process may be tried several times until the lungs sound clear.  The tongue is a reliable indicator of successful respiration.  If the puppy is getting adequate oxygen, it will appear pink to red.  A bluish colored tongue indicates insufficient oxygen to the lungs, signaling that the swinging procedure should be repeated.
Puppy record

Puppy Care

*  Puppies and momma should never be left alone for any length of time for at leased the first 2 weeks.  You or someone momma trusts are there 24/7 during that time.  Good breeders sleep and hang out within a few feet of mamma.  Staying far enough away not to bother her, but close enough to hear and watch for problems if they arise.  They also tend to sleep in the same room as her, either on a foam pad or couch of some kind.

During Whelping
Caring for newborn puppies
Puppy developement
Tracking weight
*  The average weight of the Olde English Bulldogge puppy is typically between 10-16 oz.  There can be variance depending on size of litter, and health or development of the pup such as a runt.
*  Puppies should be weighed every morning and night for the first 2 weeks to make sure they are gaining.  Even if it is 1 oz a day sometimes, they are gaining and should be nice and healthy and active.  Any decline or steady weight for a few days... a check up at the vet should be in order.
*  Then at 3-4 weeks you can go to once a day.  Then once a week for the remaining 4 weeks.
Weight tracking sheet:  Split the first 2 weeks boxes in half for weight tracking per day http://ezwhelp.com/Whelping_Forms/Litter_Weight.pdf
Tail Docking
* Can be controversial with this breed.  But know that if you do decide to dock your pups tail you want do what is called the Rotti cut.  Just long enough to barely cover the bum hole.
* There are also several ways to cut the tail off.  First if you plan to cut dock, it needs to be done at 2-3 days of age.  Your Vet can do it, or you can lean how from your mentor.  Everyone has the way they like to do it... Knife, scalpel, cutters, and more.  But I would suggest you use glue rather than stitches to close.  Mommas tend to lick and chew the stitches.
* The other way to dock is called banding.  This method uses rubber bands placed at 5-7 days old in the same spot you would cut the tail.  This cuts the circulation off and the tail drops off in 3-5 days.  The how to is here.... http://dpca.org/BreedEd/articles/45-breedinggenetics/194-tail-banding
Nail trimming
Cleaning

Supplimental Feeding

Formula recipe
     http://leerburg.com/bottlefeeding.htm
     OEBI Link    
Dam/Mother Care